Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs)

Unlike aerial drones or underwater robotics, Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) operate on land and navigate without a human driver. UGVs maneuver on most types of terrain for surveillance and maintenance patrols. When it comes to security, UGVs can be equipped to assist and extend human capabilities to perform what is normally deemed dirty, dull and dangerous, leaving manpower to focus on the greater security risks facing society today.

Watch What UGVs Can Do

Semi-Autonomous Vehicle

Semi-Autonomous Vehicles

Humans operate these robots remotely most of the time. A perfect example is what you have seen used on the moon’s surface for space exploration. Most moon rovers operate semi-autonomously using voice commands, hand motion and wireless remote controls. The vehicle’s built-in computers and sensors make driving this robot easier with ‘driver-assist’ features that prevent collisions. Driver-assist is similar to cruise control or the anti-collision sensors that are used in some high-end automobiles today. More sophisticated semi-autonomous vehicles can be configured to drive either a pre-determined route or varied route to a destination.

Fully Autonomous Vehicle

Fully Autonomous Vehicles

These robots can have the ability to gain information about their surrounding environment to avoid situations that are harmful to people, property, or its operation. Autonomous robots can also work for extended periods of time without human intervention, travel to and from different set points to check-in without human navigation assistance, adjust and apply new methods of accomplishing objectives based on the surroundings and information it encounters, and can perform certain self-maintenance routines unassisted.


The first “mobile robot” (or grandfather to the UGV) was created in the 1960’s and named Shakey. Though Shakey never achieved autonomous operation, this robot set the framework for the development of the first Unmanned Ground Vehicle in 1977. This evolved robot with autonomous capabilities was created by Stanford Research Institute (SRI) with funding from Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).

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